About This Plant

Camellia japonica, commonly known as Japanese camellia, has smooth, greyish-brown bark that becomes more textured and furrowed as the plant matures. Camellia japonica is a slow-growing evergreen shrub or small tree that can reach a height ranging from 6 to 20 feet (approximately 1.8 to 6 meters), depending on the specific cultivar and growing conditions. Its compact, dense growth habit makes it a popular choice for ornamental use in gardens and landscapes.

The Story


The leaves of Camellia japonica are evergreen and glossy, exhibiting a leathery texture. The lance-shaped to elliptical leaves typically have a deep green colour, providing an attractive backdrop to the plant’s vibrant flowers. The edges of the leaves may feature serrations, adding a subtle but elegant detail to their appearance. The foliage is arranged alternately along the stems and can vary in size, with mature leaves reaching lengths of 5 to 10 centimetres.


Camellia plants do not produce traditional fruits like those of many other plants. Instead, they form seed pods or capsules after the flowers have been pollinated. The seed pods of a camellia are typically round or slightly elongated and have a hard, woody texture. Inside these capsules are small seeds, often dark brown or black, depending on the specific variety of camellia.
Home » Attractions » The Arboretum » Features » Camellia