Common Holly

Ilex aquifolium, commonly known as English Holly, is a evergreen tree with a distinctive appearance. The tree typically reaches a height of 30 to 50 feet (9 to 15 meters) and exhibits a pyramidal or columnar shape when mature.

The Appearance

An evergreen shrub or small tree with glossy, spiny leaves and bright red berries. It can grow up to 50 feet tall.


The Produce

The common hollyproduces distinctive red berries as its fruit. These berries are a prominent feature and are typically produced on female holly plants.


The Flowers

Produces small, white flowers in spring, which are mildly fragrant.


The Leaves

The leaf shape is elliptical to ovate, and they are arranged alternately along the branches.


The Bark

The bark is smooth and gray when young, becoming rougher with age.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained, acidic soils and partial shade. Commonly found in woodlands and hedgerows.


The Ecology

Provides food and habitat for various wildlife, including birds and small mammals. The berries are a food source for birds in winter.


The Culture

Widely used as an ornamental plant, especially for Christmas decorations. The wood is also used for carving and inlay work.


Fun Facts

Holly is often associated with Christmas and is used in wreaths and other decorations. It has also been used historically for its medicinal properties.

The Connection To Burton Constable

bchp info coming soon