About This Plant

Ilex aquifolium, commonly known as English Holly, is an evergreen tree with a distinctive appearance. The tree typically reaches a height of 30 to 50 feet (9 to 15 meters) and exhibits a pyramidal or columnar shape when mature. The bark of the English Holly is smooth and grey when the tree is young, developing into a rougher texture with age. As the tree matures, the bark becomes fissured and takes on a grey-brown colouration. This iconic holly species is known for its adaptability and its use in Christmas decorations during the festive season.

The Story


The Common holly has glossy, leathery leaves that are typically dark green and possess a unique spiny margin with sharp, pointed teeth. The leaf shape is elliptical to ovate, and they are arranged alternately along the branches.


The common hollyproduces distinctive red berries as its fruit. These berries are a prominent feature and are typically produced on female holly plants. The red berries are relatively small, usually about 1/4 to 1/2 inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm) in diameter with each berry contains four seeds. While the bright red berries are visually appealing, it’s important to note that holly berries can be toxic if ingested and should be avoided by humans and pets.
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