Common Juniper

Juniperus communis, commonly known as common juniper, is a coniferous evergreen shrub or small tree with distinctive bark and height characteristics. The bark of Juniperus communis is typically thin, fibrous, and reddish-brown to greyish-brown in colour.

The Appearance

A small to medium-sized evergreen shrub or tree with a spreading or columnar form and sharp, needle-like leaves. It produces blue-black berries.


The Produce

These cones are known as juniper berries.


The Flowers

Produces small, inconspicuous flowers in spring, followed by berries that take two to three years to mature.


The Leaves

These leaves are arranged in whorls of three, encircling the branches.


The Bark

The bark is gray-brown and peeling, becoming more fissured with age.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained, sandy or rocky soils and full sun. Commonly found in coastal areas, heaths, and woodlands.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds and mammals. The berries are a vital food source for many bird species.


The Culture

The berries are used to flavor gin and in traditional medicine. Also popular in ornamental landscaping and as a ground cover.


Fun Facts

Common Juniper is one of the most widely distributed woody plants in the world, found across Europe, Asia, and North America.

The Connection To Burton Constable

bchp info coming soon