About This Plant

The common oak, scientifically known as Quercus robur, is a well-known deciduous tree native to Europe and parts of Asia. It is celebrated for its iconic lobed leaves, rugged bark, and acorns – its distinctive fruits. Common oaks are a dominant species in many forests and woodlands, providing habitat and sustenance for various wildlife. They have significant cultural and historical importance, symbolizing strength and longevity. Additionally, oak wood is highly valued for its durability and versatility in construction and furniture making.

The Story


The Common Oak leaf is characterized by its distinctive lobed shape with rounded tips. Typically, each leaf features several deep, irregular lobes separated by U-shaped sinuses. The leaf surface is smooth, and the edges are serrated with small teeth. The upper side of the leaf is a glossy, dark green, while the underside is lighter in colour. Common Oaks are deciduous trees, and their leaves turn shades of yellow and brown in the autumn before falling.


The Common Oak produces acorns, which are its characteristic fruit. These acorns are small nuts with a cap, commonly referred to as acorn caps, and they serve as the seeds of the oak tree. The acorns mature in autumn and are an essential food source for various wildlife species, including squirrels and birds.
Home » Attractions » The Arboretum » Features » Common Oak