Holm Oak

The holm oak, known as Quercus ilex, is a evergreen oak tree native to the Mediterranean region. It is recognised for its dark green, leathery leaves, which remain on the tree year-round.

The Appearance

A large evergreen tree with a dense, rounded crown and dark green, leathery leaves. It produces small, inconspicuous flowers and acorns.


The Produce

These acorns are typically dark brown and are an essential component of the Holm Oak's reproductive cycle.


The Flowers

Produces small, yellowish catkins in spring, followed by acorns in autumn.


The Leaves

The margins may feature small, spiny teeth, giving the leaves a serrated appearance.


The Bark

The bark is dark gray and deeply furrowed, becoming rough with age.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade. Commonly found in woodlands and parks.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds and mammals. The acorns are eaten by wildlife.


The Culture

Valued for its durable timber and ornamental appeal. Often planted in parks and large gardens.


Fun Facts

The Holm Oak, also known as the Holly Oak, is native to the Mediterranean region and is highly resistant to drought and poor soils.

The Connection To Burton Constable

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