About This Plant

Carpinus betulus, also known as European hornbeam, is a deciduous tree native to Europe and parts of Asia. It’s recognized for its serrated leaves and distinctive fluted grey bark. European hornbeams typically grow to heights of 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 meters) with an upright, narrow crown. Its adaptable nature makes it suitable for various soil types, and it’s commonly used in urban and residential landscapes for shade, hedges, and windbreaks. The hard wood of European hornbeam is prized for woodworking and carpentry.

The Story


The leaves are simple, alternate, and doubly serrated with a distinct venation pattern. In spring, the leaves emerge bright green, turning to a darker green in summer, and in the autumn the leaves often turn yellow, orange, or brown.


Carpinus betulus produces small, inconspicuous flowers arranged in catkins. The tree typically flowers in late spring to early summer. Female flowers give rise to small, winged nutlets that are clustered in pendulous, hop-like bracts. The fruits mature in late summer to early autumn and often persist on the tree into winter.
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