The medlar, or Mespilus germanica, is a small deciduous tree or shrub native to Europe and Asia. It’s known for its apple-shaped fruits, called medlars, which are enjoyed after they soften and develop a spiced apple flavour.

The Appearance

A small deciduous tree with a spreading crown and dark green, ovate leaves. It produces large, white flowers in spring, followed by brown, apple-like fruits.


The Produce

The Medlar fruit is used in various culinary creations, including jams and desserts, and has a rich history in European and Middle Eastern cuisine.


The Flowers

Produces large, white flowers in spring, which are followed by the brown fruits in autumn.


The Leaves

These deciduous leaves have a smooth texture, and their margins are finely serrated.


The Bark

The bark is gray and smooth when young, becoming more fissured with age.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained soils and full sun. Commonly found in gardens and orchards.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including pollinators and fruit-eating birds and mammals.


The Culture

Valued for its unique fruits, which are often eaten bletted (softened by frost) and used in cooking and preserves.


Fun Facts

Medlar fruits have been cultivated since Roman times and were once a common sight in medieval orchards.

The Connection To Burton Constable

bchp info coming soon