About This Plant

The river birch, scientifically known as Betula nigra, is a deciduous tree native to the eastern United States. It is a distinctive birch species known for its attractive peeling bark, which ranges in colour from salmon-pink to reddish-brown. They are typically found in wetland areas, such as along riverbanks and in floodplains.

The Story


The deciduous leaves of the River Birch are simple, alternate, and doubly serrated along the margins. The leaf shape is broadly ovate to diamond-shaped, with a pointed tip and an uneven base. The surface of the leaves is a vibrant green with an asymmetrical base. As autumn approaches, the foliage undergoes a transformation, turning to hues of yellow, gold, and brown.


Betula nigra, commonly known as river birch, produces small and inconspicuous fruits known as samaras. These samaras are winged seeds that form in clusters, resembling miniature cones. They are typically about 1 to 2 centimetres in length and have a papery wing that aids in wind dispersal. The fruits appear on pendulous catkins, adding an interesting visual element to the tree.
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