About This Plant

The Western hemlock, or Tsuga heterophylla, is a tall evergreen tree native to the western regions of North America, particularly the Pacific Northwest. This tree belongs to the pine family (Pinaceae) and is valued for its timber and ecological importance. Western hemlocks can grow over 200 feet (60 meters) tall with a conical to pyramidal crown. Its wood is prized for its fine grain and durability, used in construction, woodworking, and pulp production. In ecosystems, Western hemlocks provide habitat and food for wildlife and are vital to temperate rainforests in the Pacific Northwest.

The Story

Leaf

The foliage consists of short needles, typically measuring around 0.5 to 1 inch in length, with a dark green colour on the upper surface and lighter green on the lower surface.

Produce

The Western Hemlock produces small, cylindrical cones that measure about 0.75 to 1 inch in length. These cones are initially green and mature to a brown colour, releasing tiny seeds.
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