About This Plant

Alder buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) is a deciduous shrub native to Europe and Asia. It has glossy green leaves, inconspicuous spring flowers, and dark, berry-like fruits that provide food for wildlife. This plant has historical uses in medicine and as a natural dye, and it’s valued for its ecological role in supporting biodiversity in natural landscapes.

The Story

Leaf

The leaves are glossy, dark green, and oval-shaped, with finely serrated margins. They are arranged alternately on the branches.

Produce

The small, inconspicuous flowers are greenish-yellow and appear in clusters in late spring to early summer. The flowers are radially symmetrical and lack showy petals. The plant produces small, round berries that start green and turn red, then dark purple to black as they ripen. These berries are a key identifying feature of alder buckthorn. The berries serve as a food source for various birds, and the plant plays a role in the ecosystem by providing habitat and food.
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