Cabbage Tree

The cabbage tree, known as Cordyline australis, is a unique and distinctive tree native to New Zealand. It is also known by its Māori name, “Ti kouka.” In late spring to early summer, the cabbage tree produces fragrant, creamy-white flowers on long panicles, attracting pollinators like bees.

The Appearance

A small to medium-sized evergreen tree with a single trunk and long, sword-shaped leaves that form a dense, cabbage-like head.


The Produce

The cabbage tree produces clusters of small, berry-like fruits. These fruits are generally spherical, about 1 to 1.5 centimetres in diameter, and can vary in colour, ranging from white to bluish-black, depending on the species.


The Flowers

Produces large panicles of small, fragrant, white flowers in late spring to early summer.


The Leaves

The leaves are typically green, although some cultivars may have reddish or purplish foliage and can reach up to one metre long.


The Bark

The bark is smooth and gray, becoming more fissured with age.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade. Commonly found in coastal areas, gardens, and parks.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds and insects. The flowers attract pollinators.


The Culture

Valued for its striking appearance and architectural form. Often used in landscaping and as a focal point in gardens.


Fun Facts

The Cabbage Tree, also known as Cordyline australis, is native to New Zealand and is known for its resilience and ability to thrive in a variety of conditions.

The Connection To Burton Constable

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