Douglas Fir

The Douglas fir, known as Pseudotsuga menziesii, is a towering evergreen tree native to western North America. It is renowned for its immense size, straight trunk, and conical shape.

The Appearance

A large evergreen conifer with a tall, straight trunk and a broad, conical crown. It has soft, dark green needles and produces large, pendulous cones.


The Produce

The Douglas Fir produces small cone-like structures called strobiles or cones as its fruit. These cones are cylindrical and hang downward, measuring about 3 to 4 inches in length.


The Flowers

Produces small, yellowish flowers in spring, followed by large, pendulous cones.


The Leaves

These leaves are generally about 1 to 1.5 inches long, radiating a vibrant green colour.


The Bark

The bark is thick, reddish-brown, and deeply furrowed.


The Habitat

Prefers well-drained soils and full sun. Commonly found in forests and mountainous regions.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds and mammals. The dense foliage offers excellent cover.


The Culture

Valued for its timber, which is used in construction, paper production, and furniture making. Often planted for reforestation.


Fun Facts

The Douglas Fir is one of the most important timber trees in the world, known for its strong and durable wood.

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