Italian Alder

The bark of Alnus cordata, commonly known as Italian Alder, is characterised by a smooth and greyish texture when the tree is young, gradually developing shallow furrows and becoming darker as it matures. The bark tends to display a visually interesting pattern as it matures, adding aesthetic appeal to the tree.

The Appearance

A medium to large deciduous tree with a conical shape and glossy, dark green leaves that remain on the tree until late autumn.


The Produce

These structures are referred to as strobiles or catkins.


The Flowers

Produces long, yellow catkins in early spring, followed by small, woody cones.


The Leaves

These leaves are elliptical in shape, featuring a glossy, dark green colour on the upper surface.


The Bark

The bark is smooth and gray, becoming slightly fissured with age.


The Habitat

Prefers moist, well-drained soils and full sun. Commonly found along riverbanks and in wetlands.


The Ecology

Provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds and insects. The roots improve soil fertility by fixing nitrogen.


The Culture

Used in traditional medicine and for timber, particularly in waterlogged conditions as the wood resists decay.


Fun Facts

The Italian Alder is valued for its ability to improve soil fertility through its symbiotic relationship with nitrogen-fixing bacteria in its roots.

The Connection To Burton Constable

bchp info coming soon