About This Plant

The bark of Alnus cordata, commonly known as Italian Alder, is characterised by a smooth and greyish texture when the tree is young, gradually developing shallow furrows and becoming darker as it matures. The bark tends to display a visually interesting pattern as it matures, adding aesthetic appeal to the tree. Alnus cordata is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree. In optimal conditions, it can reach heights ranging from 60 to 80 feet (18 to 24 meters). The tree typically forms a pyramidal or oval crown, contributing to its overall graceful and attractive appearance in the landscape.

The Story

Leaf

The Italian alder leaves are distinctive and contribute to the tree’s ornamental appeal. These leaves are elliptical in shape, featuring a glossy, dark green colour on the upper surface. The leaf margins are finely serrated, adding a delicate texture to the overall appearance. The undersides of the leaves exhibit a lighter green hue. Alnus cordata is deciduous, so the leaves turn yellow in the autumn before eventually falling. The arrangement of the leaves is alternate along the branches, forming an attractive foliage canopy.

Produce

The Italian alder produces cone-like structures as its fruiting bodies. These structures are referred to as strobiles or catkins. The female catkins of the Italian alder develop into woody, cone-like structures that contain seeds. The cone-like fruits are small, typically about 1 to 2 centimetres long, and are brown in colour. They have an oval or cylindrical shape, with scales protecting the seeds within. These cones are commonly found hanging from the branches of the Italian alder tree.
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