Olea europaea, the olive tree, is a small evergreen native to the Mediterranean. It’s famous for its olives, which yield the renowned olive oil used widely in Mediterranean cooking.

The Appearance

Olive trees are small, evergreen trees with a gnarled trunk and silvery-green leaves. They can grow up to 30 feet tall but are often smaller.


The Produce

During late spring to early summer, it produces fragrant white flowers in clusters that develop into olives of varying sizes and colours.


The Flowers

They produce small, white to creamy-yellow flowers in clusters, which are fragrant and attract pollinators.


The Leaves

The leaves showcase a subtle yet captivating grey-green hue, while the underside shimmers with a silvery grey tone.


The Bark

The bark is smooth and gray when young, becoming more fissured and rough with age.


The Habitat

Native to the Mediterranean region, they thrive in warm, dry climates with well-drained soil.


The Ecology

Olive trees support a variety of wildlife, including insects that pollinate their flowers and birds that eat their fruit.


The Culture

Olives are of immense cultural and economic importance, primarily grown for their fruit, which is used to produce olive oil, a staple in many cuisines.


Fun Facts

Olive trees can live for several centuries, with some specimens in the Mediterranean estimated to be over 1,000 years old.

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