About This Plant

The goat willow, scientifically known as Salix caprea, is a deciduous tree native to Europe and parts of Asia. It is recognized for its distinctive furry, greyish catkins that appear in early spring before the leaves emerge. Goat willows are often found near water bodies and wetland areas and are well-suited for moist soil conditions. These trees provide habitat and food for various wildlife, including caterpillars that are food sources for birds. Sallow Willow can grow either as a tree or a shrub, depending on environmental conditions and pruning.

The Story


The leaves are lance-shaped, long, and narrow with serrated edges. They are typically grey-green on the upper side and lighter underneath.


Sallow Willows are dioecious, meaning there are male and female plants. The male plants produce cylindrical catkins in early spring before the leaves appear. These catkins are often yellow and provide an early source of pollen for bees. Female catkins are smaller and greenish, developing into fluffy seeds with a cotton-like appearance later in the spring.
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